The newest imagery is sometimes “historical”

Though it may seem contrary to conventional wisdom, Google doesn’t always put the newest imagery in the main layer of Google Earth. There are numerous instances when you’ll find the newest imagery for a particular location in the “historical imagery” layer, while the default layer has slightly older imagery. For example, take a look at this golf course just outside of London. The current imagery was captured on March 5, 2006, but you can find historical imagery of the same location that’s dated May 24, 2009. Why does this happen?

Frank discussed this briefly last year, but to really find the answer we need to go back to 2007 — two years after Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans. Immediately after the hurricane hit, Google updated imagery of the area to reflect the damage, similar to what’s they’ve done recently in Haiti. However, in March 2007, people began to notice that Google “updated” the imagery of the area with pre-hurricane photos. People were very upset about this, and it quickly became a national story.

New Orleans

Google’s response was that “The previous imagery was directly after the storm struck, and was of inferior quality. Although the imagery of New Orleans is from pre-Katrina now, it is of better quality.” While that was certainly true, Google did the smart thing and restored New Orleans with post-hurricane imagery a few days later.

Google continues to use this method (best imagery in favor of newer imagery), though I’m sure they are more cautious about adjusting imagery for sensitive areas. The imagery in the current layer is always what they consider to be the best for each area — it’s often the newest, but it also has to look sharp, be as cloud-less as possible, and have the overall color closely match the surrounding area. If you’re looking for the absolute newest imagery for a particular location, be sure to check the historical imagery; it might have what you’re looking for.

About Mickey Mellen

Mickey has been using Google Earth since it was released in 2005, and has created a variety of geo-related sites including Google Earth Hacks. He runs a web design firm in Marietta, GA, where he lives with his wife and two kids.



Comments

  1. Old news, kinda. :) (Hasn’t this been discussed or at least mentioned before?)
    They seem to be doing this a lot, I’ve never quite figured out why because to me it doesn’t necessarily look as if the default imagery is actually better (read: clearer, higher resolution) than the newer versions in the historical layer. Maybe the newer stuff is less seamlessly integrated or isn’t even untweaked orthophoto material.
    Examples, off the top of my head (unless they changed in the meantime): I deal with race circuits a lot, and take a look for instance at the Nürburgring in Germany and Magny-Cours in France. In both cases, the historical imagery actually has the newer and modified track layout as its in use today.

  2. Yes, I often find that this is the case. Not only one newer image but sometimes several newer ones than the default view.
    Because of this I am really annoyed that the Android Google Earth app doesn’t have the historical imagery feature. I wish they’d add it.

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